Thursday, June 10, 2010

Tony Fretton / Typology

Following up on a conversation with Daniel:

Some ideas on typology that have been of interest to me recently have been developed by an Amsterdam developer, Het Oosten, with the assistance of a few Architects including Tony Fretton. A bit of a warning, their ideas may look very conservative to you and/or your tutors, and much of the literature is in Dutch (Google translate may help).

A few links:

BDonline have published a nice article on Fretton's Constantijn Huygensstraat project

To summarize the potential application, one might think the following way:

Early twentieth century warehouse buildings provide a useful model for development based on typology rather than function. Whilst these buildings were designed to fulfil a specific brief of a warehouses (sometimes factories), they have proved very flexible. The high ceilings, efficient and regular structural grid, maximum depth plans, and loose fit construction have lent the buildings well to adaption. They have successfully been converted to Artist studios, apartments, offices, gallery spaces etc.

Using this type as an idea, is it possible to build this type of flexible building today. The high ceilings permit the easy insertion of plumbing, electrical and mechanical services. The structural grid establishes a pattern for subdivision of floors (related to the façade) and, designed correctly permits local slab penetrations for passenger and service lifts as required. The depth of plan allows an efficient layout with useful access to the façade for light, ventilation, and for engagement with the city. The loose fit construction provides the opportunity for tenants to freely adapt and tailor their tenancies. The building at the façade and street level respond to the city rather than to specific internal functions.

Local typological models for this type of development include the warehouses of Camperdown, Pyrmont and Surry Hills.

Sunday, May 23, 2010

Scuplt(it), Live/Work

Catherine has provided a link to a home and office in Antwerp. Building is 2.4m wide x 5.5m deep x 12m high

Also at Archinect

Thursday, May 20, 2010

Alejandro De La Sota, Salamanca

Apartment building, 1963

Images from
Alejandro De La Sota, Arquitecto, Madrid, 1997

Sverre Fehn, Hedmark County Museum

Hamar, Norway, 1967-2005

Images from
Flickr / Peter Guthrie
Per Olaf Fjeld, Sverre Fehn, New York, 2009

Sigurd Lewerentz, St Petri kyrka

Klippan, Sweden, 1963-66

Images from
AA, Sigurd Lewerentz, The Dilema of Classicism, London, 1989
Caldenby, Two Churches, Stockholm, 1997

Jørn Utzon, Can Lis

Majorca, 1972

Images from
John Pardy, Two Houses on Majorca, Hellerup, 2004

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House

Brno, Czech Republic, 1928-30

Images from
Frampton, Studies in Tectonic Culture, Cambridge & London, 1996

Louis Kahn, Fisher House

Philadelphia, 1960-67

Images from
Rykwert, Louis Kahn, New York, 2001
Yutaka Saito, Louis I. Kahn, Houses, Tokyo, 2003

UN Studio / Galleria Department Store

Link to the Galleria Department Store by UN Studio
Seoul, South Korea, 2003-04
Provided by Dumun.

Thursday, May 13, 2010

Klein Dytham / Billboard Building

Celeste has also provided a link to work by Klein Dytham.

Tower House by Atelier Bow-Wow

Celeste has provided a link to an interview with Yoshiharu Tsukamoto of Atelier Bow Wow. All their work is worth looking at, the Tower House (image below) especially so.

A few of you (Kimiya and Kalyna ....) might also find the House without Depth useful.

Vertical Omotesando / Wai Think Tank

From Archdaily

Herzog de Meuron in Miami

Trust you've all seen Herzog de Meuron's carpark in Miami. It includes some retail and, I think, an office.

Nelson Garrido has had some photographs published at Dezeen and Archdaily.

Project website is here.

The image below shows why your slab soffits and the oblique view down Sussex St are important considerations for your designs.

Note from Natalie Brcar (Part 2)

Natalie goes on to say:
.... and then there is a really nice project for facade idea. There were a couple of facade that were using 'blades' vertically or horizontally - I thought it might be nice to think of opportunities in different materials, in particular in this case being mirror/glass which refracts the light beautifully. There was a student (towards the end) where he had a facade based on the Surry Hills library and maybe he can think of his facade as the 'gem' of his design. ?!

This project, the Rainbow Church by Tokujin Yoshioka, can be seen at Dezeen

Note from Natalie Brcar (Part 1)

Natalie Brcar (another one of your jurors - again said just in case I didn't introduce you properly) has sent me the following note:


It was lovely to be a part of your design studio and see the design projects.

I have a few images that I thought may (or may not : ) be of use to some of your students.

I noticed a common thread in all projects, and that is how to address quality of 'space' and designing useable living spaces with small floor plates as a result of a small site and circulation constraints. It would be good to see the projects develop now from last nights concept ideas for form and circulation and turn these into useable, quirky and lovely spaces that grab any opportunity for daylight and ventilation. Find attached images of the Mineral House Project in Tokyo by Yasuhiro Yamashita - each use is on a separate floor and highlights that you actually don't need a lot of space for living and can be just clever joinery deign and detail.

.... [note continues]

Here are the links to the projects Natalie suggested (and below that one image of each project):

Mineral House Project in Tokyo by Yasuhiro Yamashita
MuSh Residence by Studio 0.10 Architects
House in Minamimachi by Suppose Design Office

Wednesday, May 12, 2010

56 Leonard - HdeM

A few of you have mentioned this project, so I presume most of you know it. If you don't, have a look at the site and the movie below (what a shame the building won't be actually constructed as shown in the movie :)

56 Leonard Website

A lovely project from Tehran

A gorgeous idea for a facade system by Arsh Design Group.

Link to project at Archdaily


Personally not that big a fan of Zaha Hadid's, but I do like the Rosenthal Centre for Contemporary Art in Cincinnati (image below) and think many of you may find it useful.

(Kim, have a look at the way the circulation is organized)

Also, have a look at the recently completed MAXXI Museum in Rome. Good photos at Iwan Baan's site.

Note from Mark Gazy

Howdee people,

Trust you all had an enjoyable afternoon yesterday.

Mark Gazy (one of your jurors - in case I didn't introduce you properly) has sent me the following note:

Phillip, Thanks for the invite yesterday.

The dutch architects I was think of yesterday was They won a competition for the Museum Aan De Stroom in Antwerp, Netherlands. Images on their website aren't great [one image below - PA] but sure they can do there own search.

Anther project which might help some students is by Van Gameron Mastenbroek - Tea Pavilion in National Park Veluwe Zoom, Rheden, Netherlands. I think the company has split but this is a link I found Mastenbroek was a young gun that used to work for OMA.

Any chance to be a part of the final crit, would like to see how some of the scheme turn out?


Saturday, May 8, 2010

Streets in the Sky

What I am about to write is a massive simplification of a big issue. Nuance will be lost.

Streets in the Sky was an idea of reconstructing streets away from the noise, pollution and conflict of the vehicular street. It was recognized that streets are more than merely spaces for vehicles (an idea many motorists in Sydney would not agree with), but are also public spaces for social interaction. Assuming that vehicular traffic is a hinderance to social interaction - why not rebuild the street in the fresh air above the old, polluted, congested streets?

Corbusier's Unité d'Habitation projects have a shopping street midway up the building and a garden (and childcare centre?) on the roof. These are the earliest examples of this idea I can think of.

A number of housing projects were constructed in post-war Britain using this idea. A quick googlesearch will reveal alot of information (some dodgy, so use judgement). Projects included Park Hill in Sheffield and Robin Hood Gardens in London. The latter was by Alison and Peter Smithson whose Golden Lane Project is illustrated below.

In these projects apartments were accessed by open corridors down running the side of the building. Each corridor would often provide access to 3 levels of apartments, inspired by the organization strategy of Corbusier's Unité d'Habitation projects.

Ideally, these corridors would be well lit, well ventilated and wide enough that they would function as footpaths, front yards, play areas and social spaces.

They often did not work quite like this, becoming spaces for anti-social behavior (see almost any episode of The Bill).

They have been much criticized in the last 30 years.

Edna Walling

Late in the day on Wednesday (when discussing Catherine's scheme), I mentioned the wonderful Australian landscape designer Edna Walling.

The ABC has a nice site devoted to her that includes the following quote:

The little potatoes had been widely thrown from a bucket (by me) and the gardener told to plant a birch wherever he found one - even if sometimes two or even three were almost touching. ...Sure enough when returning to see later, the perfectly straight rows of silver birches, each meticulously spaced.

The context of the quote on the site relates to the difficulty that some (many?) men had in taking an instruction from a woman, but I like it for a different reasons: the difficulty of designing a random layout; the use of chance operations in design; and (not from this anecdote) the application of judgement.

My recollection is that Walling would often use potatoes thrown from a bucket to locate trees to achieve a random (naturalistic) arrangement. It is extremely difficult as designers to place things in a random way - one often finds the result contrived unless a chance operation is employed. What I like in my recollection of the expanded anecdote is that Walling would also use judgement - if she was not happy with the layout resulting from this operation she will quite happily throw the potatoes again.

Wednesday, May 5, 2010

Valerio Olgiati 2

Valerio Olgiati's Atelier Bardill has just landed at Archdaily.
Worth a look.

Achille Castiglioni 2

Another chair by the Castiglioni brothers (Achille and Pier Giacomo) mentioned in the lecture yesterday.

Valerio Olgiati

I mentioned Valerio Olgiati to Jordan and others yesterday.

His work is really good, his books are really expensive, but he used to have a little downloadable booklet of his work on his website. It isn't there anymore, but I can email a copy (its very small, c1.6Mb) to whomever puts their email address in the comments below. If you put your email address below and your in-box is full and my email bounces, I will be cross.

Jorge Oteiza

Jorge Oteiza is another artist I mentioned yesterday

Link to Google Image search for Jorge Oteiza

James Turrell

James Turrell is one of the artists I mentioned yesterday.

Link to Flickr photos tagged jamesturrell

Gary Cheng's apartment in HK

Catherine has provided a link to Gary Cheng's presentation of his apartment as part of the Tokyo Pecha Kucha. There is a Pecha Kucha group in Sydney too, largely organized by Marcus Trimble of Supercolossal (who isn't able to make your mid-semester juries next week, I'll ask again at the end of the semester).

I'd suggest you all register with Pecha Kucha Sydney so that you find out when their events are, and follow Marcus's blog (which is also in the column on the right).

Finally, a link to Gary Cheng's website.

NL Architects - TPAC Proposal

Celeste has provided a link to NL Architects proposal for the Taipai Performing Arts Centre

Wednesday, April 28, 2010

Anne Holtrop's Trail House

Gotta love this one. The entire project is inhabitable circulation. Perhaps the same idea as the Droog House by Atelier Bow Wow, but an entirely different way of resolving that idea.

Link to Anne Holtrop's website

Saturday, April 24, 2010

Antón García- Abril

Casa Hemeroscopium by Antón García- Abril / Ensamble Studio
(from Plataforma Arquitectura)

Love it

Celeste has found a link to this video about a bike storage facility in (where else?) Japan:

Thursday, April 22, 2010


The Archigram Archival Project is online. Please have a look.

Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Herzog de Meuron

Good photos of more recent projects at Iwan Baan's site.

Centre Pompidou

I didn't know that Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners had such a comprehensive website. Thanks to a (perhaps misunderstood) comment from Catherine, I now do.

I think Catherine was looking for a floor plan of the Pompidou. If so, it is here.

Also, whilst I expect Catherine was raising the Pompidou in Paris, the Centre Pompidou in Metz by Shigeru Ban is very close to completion. There is info at Dezeen and Designboom.

Image of Centre Pompidou Metz from Dezeen below:

Tuesday, April 20, 2010

Javier Sáenz de Oiza's Torres Blancas

A photo and plan of Javier Sáenz de Oiza's extraordinary Torres Blancas
(Avenida de América, 37, Madrid, 1964-69).

Thursday, April 15, 2010

Ugly furniture

If you want to look at some really bad and pretentious furniture, Daniel Libeskind is prepared to provide:

Link to Libeskind's ugly furniture

Read the comments too.

Wednesday, April 14, 2010

More Breuer

Marcel Breuer also built one building in Sydney!

26 Coombes Drive, Penrith.

[Photo below by Tim]


Also, have a look at the German furniture company Tecta.

Amongst other things, they produce the folding version of the Breuer club chair and this other beautiful chaise also by Breuer.


Link to Corporate Culture's website.

We mostly looked at furniture by the following companies:

Fritz Hansen
Carl Hansen & Søn
Louis Poulsen (lighting)
Serge Mouille

Other furniture shops worth visiting in Sydney as part of your design education include:

Living Edge
Spence & Lyda
Unifor / Vitra

Living Edge, Spence & Lyda and Hub are all really close to one another in NW Surry Hills (near the Hollywood Hotel). Make sure you drop in at Published Art when you are in the area.

Designers we looked at yesterday include:

Arne Jacobsen
Hans Wegner
Verner Panton
Gerrit Rietveld
Gio Ponti
Enzo Mari, do watch at least some of this interview
Vico Magistretti
the Bouroullec brothers
Konstantin Grcic
Marc Newson
David Trubridge
Marcel Wanders
Shiro Kuramata
Tom Dixon
Alberto Meda
Franco Albini
Le Corbusier
Charlotte Perriand
Gaetano Pesce
Paolo Deganello
Toshiyuki Kita

Other designers worth looking at include:

Eileen Gray
Achille Castiglioni
the Campana brothers
Joe Colombo
Jasper Morrison
Maarten van Severen

Finally, a special link for Ms Zhuang
(because I expect she won't approve of my taste):


CaixaForum Madrid

My photos of the CaixaForum in Madrid by Herzog de Meuron. Some images shown by Joanne yesterday.